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真实的形式

2019-04-27 10:59:55 艺术与文化162℃

  真实的形式

  凝视着一条非常逼真的45英尺长的露脊鲸,参观国家自然历史博物馆(NMNH)新Sant海洋大厅的游客可能会认为他们即将成为海洋哺乳动物的小吃。但是正确的鲸鱼以浮游生物为食,所以没必要担心。此外,这个由乙烯基氨基甲酸乙酯制成,需要偶尔除尘但不含任何食物。

    

      

      

        

          

            

              

                

              

              

              

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                    一切都闪闪发光

                  

                

                

              

            

          

        

      

    

    独一无二的是,NMNH的鲸鱼模型拥有一个活生生的呼吸对手,现在正在海里游泳。这种被称为凤凰的科学家,在1987年出生后不久就通过空中和航海调查开始追踪她的动作,已经是一位祖母。是居住在北大西洋西部的近400只露脊鲸中研究最多的一种。

    

    “正确的鲸鱼受到右鲸联盟的严密监控,”博物馆海洋哺乳动物馆长James Mead说。 “这个物种早在16世纪就被广泛捕杀,一直持续到20世纪初,它们的数量也大大减少。所以我们可以仔细跟踪它们的数量。” (右鲸的名称可能来源于“丰富的脂肪,这使它非常可取,或”恰到好处。“)

    

    个体鲸可以通过它们的疤痕和胼((皮肤上的白斑)来识别。羚羊很常见,因为正确的鲸鱼,在新斯科舍省的芬迪湾和美国东南部的冬季,经常出现迁徙模式。它们也往往沿着深水航道,浮游生物很多。“每张照片都是来自船只的右鲸,“米德说,”是另一个数据点。每条鲸鱼标记的独特性使得人们可以对像凤凰这样的个体了解很多。“

    

    正如埃及神话中的任何学生都知道的那样,凤凰是一只从它自己的骨灰中升起的鸟。将这个名字赋予一个带有气孔而不是喙的远洋生物的名字似乎很奇怪 - 并且几乎不可能爆炸成火焰。但凤凰城在一次近乎致命的遭遇后获得了她的名字。 “她被钓鱼线纠缠在一起,似乎在崩溃,”米德说。 “然后,不知何故,她解开了自己。”

    

    最初,米德和他的同事查尔斯波特曾希望这个新的展览上有一只雌性蓝鲸和24英尺长的新生小牛,但是火灾和安全法规不允许这么大的安装。“然后是正确的鲸鱼成为一个话题,一个更小,更有趣的鲸鱼,“米德说。”问题是,哪条正确的鲸鱼?突然有人带来了凤凰城。“

    

    出现在艺术家的工作室里坐着不是人们可以合理地询问鲸鱼的事情。但是因为凤凰城是科学界的名人,她拥有丰富的摄影作品集。在NMNH模型中,她的显着标记,即使是她的胡须,也得到了精心的转载。

    

    忠实的复制品是Terry Chase及其同事在密苏里州南部Bull Shoals Lake的Chase Studio工作。作为博物馆展品的设计师和建造者,Chase为全球数十位客户精心制作了数千款。凤凰城面临着特殊的挑战:巨大的鲸鱼必须穿过博物馆的16英尺高的门,并且足够轻,可以悬挂在天花板上。使用1/12比例模型并咨询新英格兰水族馆的生物学家和NMNH的海洋哺乳动物专家,Chase和他的同事们在这个模型上工作了三年。“我们测量了正确的鲸鱼;每一个小细节都适用于凤凰城的照片。“

    

    凤凰城拥有金属支撑和电缆的内部结构,其创建者称之为“蜘蛛”。七个部分,用乙烯基聚氨酯包裹,如此无形地连接起来,整形外科医生会自豪地宣称这项工作。

    

    “重达2,700磅,整个模型的重量比实际露脊鲸的颚骨重,”Chase说。 “这是有史以来最准确的鲸鱼模型。”

    

    Owen Edwards是一位自由撰稿人,也是“优雅解决方案”一书的作者。

      

          

      

          

    

    

              

              

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

                      

                          

                              

                          

                      

                  

              

              

              

                  

                       

                  

                  

                       

                  

                  

                      

                          

                              

                                  

                                      

                                          

                                              

                                              

                                                  Ocean Views是国家自然历史博物馆的摄影展,展示了海洋广阔的野生动植物和环境。 Natures Best Photography和博物馆邀请所有技术水平的摄影师提交他们的海洋照片。提交了超过10,000张照片,海景展示了最好的照片。该展览是博物馆海洋馆的补充,于2008年9月27日开幕......

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